I Quattro Mori
The Sardinian flag is intriguing and mysterious, much like its origin. Its a great topic of discussion for the Sardinian people. Each person with their own origin stories. The flag is called the Four Moors (I Quattro Mori.) It is a symbol of the island and the turbulent history of the people that inhabit the island.
Origins of the Sardinian Flag
The flag has its origin going back 740 years. The four moors heads represent Moorish kings defeated in combat by the Crown of Aragon. When the Mediterranean was a confederation of Kingdoms, stretching to Corsica, Aragon, and Sardinia. The four moors are a negative symbol representing enemies of the Kingdom. In contrast, others believe that the heads represent St Maurice, who was a black patron saint of the Holy Roman Empire, around the time of the flag’s inception.
King of Aragon Peter I
King of Aragon Peter I, had the flag made to commemorate the victory at Alcoraz in 1096. St George helped win the battle for the king, leaving the head of four Moorish kings on the battlefield.
In recent times
Sardinia has been occupied by many foreign powers, the flag has remained the symbol of Sardinia throughout. Brigata Sassari used the flag during the second world war.
Looking at the past, we can see all the changes that leave us with the flag that remains today. The moors have faced either direction, also sometimes having a crown on their heads or a band over their forehead.
In the 18th century, the representation of the flag was fixed by the Piemontese government for official documents and coinage. The latest version was adopted on 15th April 1999, with the four moors looking to the left, towards the Italian mainland in the east. The blindfolds were taken of representing liberation.