Sardinia is not a country. Sardinia is an autonomous region of the Republic of Italy. The island is politically a region of Italy. Its official name is Regione Autonoma della Sardegna or the Autonomous Region of Sardinia.
Sardinia may not be a country but it is fiercely independent
One of the most searched questions about Sardinia is whether it is a country in its own right. But like Sicily, and the other three autonomous regions of Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino & Val d’Aosta, the belong to Italy, yet retain certain political powers.
Sardinia is culturally different from Italy, in many aspects. There is an ancient culture that lives on, in traditions, festivities, language & character. Numerous empires and nations have invaded it. For the most part, the people fought of any cultural interferences, turning inwards to protect their culture and ways of life, although a mix of foreign cultures is present. Especially visible in the traditional clothing and, even the architecture of towns such as Alghero.